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HISTORY AND ANALYSIS OF ARCHITECTURE

Degree course Architecture - Restoration
Curriculum Curriculum unico
Learnings Orientamento unico
Academic Year 2018/2019
ECTS 6
Scientific Disciplinary Sector ICAR/18
Year First year
Time unit
Class hours 60
Educational activity Related and integrative training activities

Single group

Professor MARIA CONCETTA FIORILLO
Objectives Starting from the fundamental bases of knowledge of the History of Architecture acquired with the three-year degree, the course aims to deepen them by analyzing the welfare and hospital structures, following their complex development, starting from their origin, to the Edict of Thessalonica which recognized Christianity as a state religion, throughout the eighteenth century, in Italy and Europe, to be able to verify how this type of structures, which over time became centers of political and economic power, also had a driving and decisive role in architectural transformations and in the urbanistic ones of the main Italian and European urban centers, and how, over the centuries, the transformations of these same buildings have determined, once again, consequences on urban policies. the student will carry out an analysis on a significant care structure and on the urban transformations that it has determined over the centuries.
Programme Starting from the basic fundamental knowledge of the History of Architecture acquired in the Triennial Degree Course, the Course aims to retrace the History of Architecture by analyzing the connection between religious Institutions - Architecture - Urban Polies from the advent of Christianity to the 19th century . In fact, the architectures of religious institutions have played a decisive role in urban and architectural transformations in the major and minor centers of Italy and Europe. Over the centuries, even the transformations of this type of buildings have in turn led to important consequences for urban policies. Convents, monasteries and abbeys, are three types that have differently affected the territorial and urban transformations. The course, after analyzing the three architectural types and their effects on the territory, intends to develop in-depth the birth and development of hospital facilities. The Council of Nicea, in 325 AD, had established that every Bishopric and Monastery should set up hospices for pilgrims, the poor and the sick in every city. Thus began their construction above all in the Christian East. In the West, they were widely disseminated following the Rule of St. Benedict: "Infirmorum cura ante omnia et super omnia adhibenda est", which was constantly applied in all Benedictine abbeys. Hospitals were born and began to multiply. In addition to those born by the will of some religious orders, others were built according to more secular characteristics such as, for example, the Hospital of S. Spirito in Rome and, in Europe, the Hotel Dieu of Lyon and the Hotel Dieu of Paris. Some of the hospitals located along the roads joining the places of pilgrimage have determined a decisive turning point on the evolution of some major population centers, not only becoming the new main urban centers, but promoting and directing, over the centuries, the urban growth around them and giving rise to new centralities and as many important architectures. Among the most significant cases is the Santo Spirito Hospital in Saxia which has contributed significantly to the development of the Borgo district in Rome, which will be the object of a more detailed study, in detail, together with the transformations of the Borgo district.

The urban transformations of the Borgo district in Rome:
Birth and development of the main urban polarities of the Borgo district;
The tomb of St. Peter, place of pilgrimage;
Birth of the scholae peregrinorum.
From the Shola Saxonum to the Hospital of S. Maria di Sassia di Innocenzo III;
The new hospital of Santo Spirito di Sassia di Sisto V and the confraternity of the Santo Spirito;
The development of the hospital in the 18th century;
The enlargement interventions of the XVIII;
The hospital in the nineteenth century and the transformations of the twentieth century.

Books N.D.
Traditional teaching method Yes
Distance teaching method No
Mandatory attendance No
Written examination evaluation No
Oral examination evaluation Yes
Aptitude test evaluation No
Project evaluation No
Internship evaluation No
Evaluation in itinere No
Practice Test No

Further information

Description Document
programma di storia e analisi dellarchitettura ENG (dispensa) Document
programma di storia e analisi dellarchitettura ITA (dispensa) Document

Office hours list:

Description News
Office hours by: Maria Concetta Fiorillo
Ricevimento: tutti i mercoledì dalle ore 10 alle ore 13 presso il Dipartimento P.A.U.
E' possibile prenotarsi mediante e-mail (maria.fiorillo@unirc.it) in modo da acquisire la precedenza rispetto a chi è senza prenotazione.
Office hours by: Maria Concetta Fiorillo
Ricevimento: tutti i mercoledì dalle ore 10 alle ore 13 presso il Dipartimento P.A.U.
E' possibile prenotarsi mediante e-mail (maria.fiorillo@unirc.it) in modo da acquisire la precedenza rispetto a chi è senza prenotazione.
No news posted
No class timetable posted
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