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Forest Plant Pathology

Degree course FOREST AND ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE
Curriculum Curriculum unico
Learnings UNICO
Academic Year 2018/2019
ECTS 6
Scientific Disciplinary Sector AGR/12
Year Second year
Time unit Second semester
Class hours 60
Educational activity Formative educational activities

Single group

Professor GAETANO MAGNANO DI SAN LIO
Objectives N.D.
Programme
- Definition of disease
- Classification of plant diseases
- Biotic (infectious) and abiotic diseases
- General characteritics of causal agents of infectious plant diseases (Viroids, Virus, Phytoplasmas, Bacteria, Oomycetes, True Fungi, Parasitic Angiosperms, Protozoa)
- Infectious diseases cycle
- Penetration of pathogens
- Incubation period
- Pathogen spread (air-borne, water-borne, soil-borne, insect-borne and seed-borne pathogens)
- Disease diagnosis
- Koch’s postulates
- Basic elements of epidemiology
- Monocyclic, polycyclic and polyetic diseases
- Pandemics and epidemics
- Management of plant diseases
- Avoidance, exclusion
- Chemical control
- Major families of fungicides
- Control with physical tools
- Agronomic methods
- Forest management for disease control (case studies: chestnut blight, root and butt rot of conifers caused by Heterobasidion)
- Biological control, antagonism, antibiosis, competition for the substrate, competition for the site, competition for the substrate, cross protection (viruses), infectious
- Phytosanitary regulations and quarantine
- Genetic resistance, breeding for resistance, phytosanitary selection (case studies: cypress canker, chestnut blight, ink disease of chestnut )
- Diseases caused by bacteria
a) Fire blight of pear (Erwinia amylovora)
b) Crown gall of woody plants (Agrobacterium tumefaciens)
c) Knot of olive, oleander and ash (Pseudomonas syringae pv. savastanoi)
- Wilt or vascular diseases
a) Dutch elm disease(Ophiostoma ulmi, O. novo-ulmi)
- Powdery mildews:
a) Powdery mildew of oaks(Microsphaera alphitoides)
- Downy mildews
a) Potato late blight (Phytophthora infestans)
- Scabs
a) Loquat scab(Fusicladium eryobotriae)
b) Apple scab (Fusicladium dendriticum – Venturia inaequalis)
c) Olive scab (Fusicladium oleagineum)
- Soil-borne diseases
a) Phytophthora diseases
Ink disease of chestnut (Phytophthora cambivora, P. cinnamomi)
Sudden Oak Death (Phytophthora ramorum)
a) Fibrous root rot (Armillaria mellea e altre specie di Armillaria)
b) Rosellinia root rot (Rosellinia necatrix)
c) Root and butt rot of conifers(Heterobasidion annosum e altre specie di Heterobasidion)
- Cankers
a) Chestnut blight (Cryphonectria parasitica)
b) Cypress canker(Seiridium cardinale)
c) Canker stain of plain (Ceratocystis platani)
- Wood rot
White rot
Brown rot
Soft rot
- Dioecious rust fungi
- White pine blister rust (Cronartium ribicola)
- Two-needle pine stem rust (Cronartium flaccidum)
- Pine twisting rust (Melampsora pinitorqua)I
- Endophytic fungi
- Forest decline and air pollution
- Climate change and plant diseases
Books Basic text:
- Paolo Capretti, Alessandro Ragazzi, “Elementi di patologia forestale” 2009.Patron Editore. Pagine 432.
ISBN: 8855530429 ISBN-13: 9788855530422

Additional references:
- Cacciola Santa Olga, Magnano di San Lio Gaetano, 2010 “Il ruolo ecologico e l’impatto dei funghi patogeni negli ecosistemi naturali” pp. 168-182 in (Roberto Mercurio coord.) Restauro della foresta Mediterranea, CLUEB, Bologna ISBN 978-88-491-3399-8
- Naldo Anselmi, Gilberto Govi , 1996, “Patologia del Legno”, Edagricole, Bologna 397 pp. ISBN - 88-206-3997-1
Traditional teaching method Yes
Distance teaching method No
Mandatory attendance No
Written examination evaluation No
Oral examination evaluation Yes
Aptitude test evaluation No
Project evaluation No
Internship evaluation No
Evaluation in itinere Yes
Practice Test No

Further information

No document in this course

Office hours list:

Description News
Office hours by: Gaetano Magnano Di San Lio
Il Prof. Magnano di San Lio riceve dal lunedi al venerdi per appuntamento previa prenotazione all'indirizzo di posta elettronica gmagnano@unirc.it
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