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Mountain Agronomy and Zootechnics

Degree course FOREST AND ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE
Curriculum Curriculum unico
Learnings UNICO
Academic Year 2018/2019

Module: Mountain Agronomy

Degree course FOREST AND ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE
Curriculum Curriculum unico
Learnings UNICO
Academic Year 2018/2019
ECTS 6
Scientific Disciplinary Sector AGR/02
Year Second year
Time unit First semester
Class hours 60
Educational activity Related and integrative training activities

Single group

Professor MONICA BACCHI
Objectives Synthetic description:
The course is the introductory study of the relationships between the agricultural crop production and the several human and natural factors that determine and control crop production. A detailed analyses is given to the classification and comprehension of the mechanisms through which climate and soil influence crop growth, production and yield. Different actions applied in agriculture systems to favor crop production and soil quality is presented (soil tillage and SOM conservation, fertilization and manuring, weed management, rotation and cover crops management). The course also introduce to the agriculture and environment relationships, agricultural land management, and briefly describe the different forms of cropping system management (conventional, sustainable, organic). The course represent the “back bone” for other more specialized disciplines on the different aspect of plant cultivations (eg. field crops, forage crops, vegetable and horchard, agroecology).-

Acquisition of knowledge on:
Students must acquire a specific and updated technical vocabulary and must learn to present agronomic problems with a correct and proper technical language. Students must be able to understand the meaning of the main environmental and technological factors that influence the soil-plant systems and must be able to explain their importance for agriculture and describe the expected relationships. Students must be able to explain the main reasons that back the choices of different agrotechniques adopted by farmers. They must be able to solve simple calculations about soil, soil hydrology, irrigation, meteorology , fertilization. Students must be able to give examples for possible alternatives to choose the most appropriate agrotechnique and they must be able to discuss reasons for performing such choices depending on different soil-climate scenarios.
Programme -Introduction Agronomy and evolution of Agriculture; relations with other disciplines; organization of the course (front lectures, practical works, examinations), text books, web-sites.
-Climate: Meteorology and climate, solar radiation, air and soil temperature, rain and other precipitations, weather station. Field equipment and methods of agro-climatic measurements
-Soil: definitions, soil profile, inhibitions horizons, texture, soil structure, soil density.
-Soil biology (outlines).
-Soil hydrology: water potential, water in the soil, water balance, water movements in the soil.
-Soil tillage and soil conservation: types, objectives, tillage systems.
-Evapotranspiration : water and his function in agriculture; ET and types of ET; crop coefficients; estimation of evapotranspiration.
- Water requirements of different crops. -. Water consumption and water use efficiency; crop water balance.
-Fertilization): type of fertilizers and public regulations; solid and liquid manure, green manuring, mineral fertilizers,; new and slow release fertilizers, control of soil pH. Trace elements. Fertilizer distribution. Fertilization plan
-Weed control : Effects of weeds. Main weed types. Diffusion of weeds. Prevention. Control with physical methods. Biological methods. Chemical weed control: types, timing, actions, selectivity.
-Agricultural systems and rotation: short history of Mediterranean agricultural systems, criteria for managing rotations, recent solutions and examples


Books Bonciarelli F. – Fondamenti di agronomia generale. Edagricole. Bologna
Giardini L. – Agronomia generale, ambientale e aziendale. Patron Editore
Giardini L – A come agronomia. Patron Editore
Baldoni R. Giardini L. – Coltivazioni erbacee. Foraggere e tappeti erbosi. Patron Editore
Ceccon et al. - Agronomia. EdiSES
Traditional teaching method Yes
Distance teaching method No
Mandatory attendance No
Written examination evaluation No
Oral examination evaluation Yes
Aptitude test evaluation No
Project evaluation No
Internship evaluation No
Evaluation in itinere No
Practice Test No

Further information

No document in this course

Office hours list:

Description News
Office hours by: Monica Bacchi
La prof.ssa Bacchi riceve gli studenti il mercoledi' dalle 11.00 alle 14.00 nel proprio ufficio (lato mare IV livello)
No news posted

Module: PRINCIPLES OF ANIMAL NUTRITION AND FEEDING IN MOUNTAIN

Degree course FOREST AND ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE
Curriculum Curriculum unico
Learnings UNICO
Academic Year 2018/2019
ECTS 6
Scientific Disciplinary Sector AGR/18
Year Second year
Time unit First semester
Class hours 60
Educational activity Related and integrative training activities

Single group

Professor FRANCESCO FOTI
Objectives 1. Provide the basic scientific and technical knowledge needed to study the nutritional and energy needs of the animals, the composition of diets to be used in animals breeding and know how to interpret the nutritional and dietary data and their effects on animals production.
2. To evaluate the relationship between food and the quality of products of animal origin and the impact on animal health of nutritional and feeding mistakes;
3. Know the relationships between nutrition and quality of food;
4. Evaluation of physico-chemical, nutritional and health of livestock production.

Programme Ethnology: the main breeds of cattle, pigs, sheep, goats. Native breeds of Calabria.
General nutrition aspects of farm animals.
Nutritional functions: metabolism and enzymes; Animal Body composition and food.
The nutrients: characteristics and properties of the different nutrients and their digestive use (carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, vitamins and minerals).
Metabolism and energy production: general; the average energy value of nutrients; breakdown of foods Energy
Energy Rating: chemical assessment and analysis of the food; physiological assessment of food; digestibility; quality protein for monogastric and non-protein nitrogen use; content in vitamins and minerals; shelf life; Dietary action.
Voluntary intake in monogastric and ruminant.
The nutritional value: digestible nutrients; Energy net method; fodder units milk and meat.
The nutritional requirements: the basal metabolism and environmental influences; maintenance; reproduction; growth; fattening; production of milk; estimates of the needs of dairy cattle and beef cattle;
Technical rationing: Cattle, sheep, goats and pigs;
Foods: fresh and preserved fodder; simple and compound feed; agricultural and agro-industrial by-products.
Administering feed: grazing; Rationing in the barn; unifeed.
Books Antongiovanni M. and M. Gualtieri: Nutrition and Animal Nutrition, Edagricole;
McDonald-Edwards Greenhalgh: Animal nutrition, New Techniques;
Bittante G., I. Andrighetto, Ramanzin M. "Animal Production techniques" Liviana Editrice, Padova;
Course notes
Traditional teaching method Yes
Distance teaching method No
Mandatory attendance No
Written examination evaluation No
Oral examination evaluation Yes
Aptitude test evaluation No
Project evaluation No
Internship evaluation No
Evaluation in itinere No
Practice Test No

Further information

Description Document
Programma modulo Principi di nutrizione e alimentazione animale in ambiente montano (programma) Document

Office hours list:

Description News
Office hours by: Francesco Foti
Il docente Francesco Foti riceve gli studenti dal lunedi' al venerdi', previo appuntamento, presso la sezione di Produzioni Zootecniche di Qualita' del Dipartimento di Agraria, sita a Reggio Calabria in via Salita Melissari, Lotto D.
Mail docente: francesco.foti@unirc.it
No news posted
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