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CHEMISTRY

Degree course FOREST AND ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE
Curriculum Curriculum unico
Learnings UNICO
Academic Year 2018/2019
ECTS 8
Scientific Disciplinary Sector CHIM/03
Year First year
Time unit First semester
Class hours 80
Educational activity Basic training activities

Single group

Supplying course 14L05L CHIMICA in SCIENZE E TECNOLOGIE AGRARIE L-25 SIDARI MARIA
Professor MARIA SIDARI
Objectives The course is designed to lay the strong foundations for further studies in subsequent years (Pedology, Biochemistry and Physiology, Soil Chemistry, Soil ecology, Genetics). The topics considered have been chosen to illustrate the fundamental principles of the chemistry, in order to acquire an adequate level of scientific literacy, to understand the chemistry language (symbols and formulas), the structure of matter and the thermodynamic and kinetic principles that govern its transformation, and to understand the relationships between structure, properties and reactivity of organic molecules, with particular reference to those of biological importance.
Programme Measurement: SI Units. Errors. Significant figures. Scientific notation
The States of Matter. Elements, compounds, and mixture. Atomic and molecular weight. Periodic table of the elements.
The atom: Structure of the atom. Isotopes. Electrons and chemical periodicity. Orbitals. Pauli principle. Hund principle. Aufbau.
The chemical bond. Binding energy, octet rule, ionization potential, electron affinity, metallic character of an element, the representation of the atoms. Types of chemical bond: atomic, electrostatic, metallic bonds. Electronegativity. Hybridization, resonance. Lewis structures.
Solids and gases: covalent, ionic and metallic compounds. The properties of gases. Gas laws. The ideal gas equation, Deviations from the ideal gas law,
Liquids: Solutions, colloids and suspensions. Units of concentration. Colligative properties
Chemical equilibrium and the prediction of equilibrium constants: Acids and bases, the ionic product for water Kw, pH and pOH, weak acids and bases and their equilibrium constants, acid-base titrations, acid-base indicators, hydrolysis of salts, buffer solutions, solubility product
Electrochemical cells: description in terms of the Nernst equation and applications.
the standard electrode potential, redox reactions, redox equilibria, electrolysis, voltaic cells.
Chemical Thermodynamics: Energy, enthalpy, entropy, the Gibbs energy. First, second and third law of thermodynamics.
Kinetics of Chemical Reactions: mechanism of a reaction and some of the factors that influence it. Rate of reaction, The order of the reaction, catalysis and catalysts, activation energy, Arrhenius law.
Formulas and chemical reactions. Nomenclature, Oxidation numbers. Balancing Chemical Equations. Redox reactions. Synthesis, Decomposition, Substitution, Double Displacement, Acid-Base, Hydrolysis reactions. Balancing Chemical Equations the Law of Conservation of Mass
Organic chemistry: Carbon, the electron configuration, hybridisation, and bonds: single, double and triple bond.
Organic reactions: Lewis acids and bases, Electrophilic and nucleophilic reagents, carbocations and carbanions. The basic organic chemistry reaction types: addition reactions, elimination reactions, substitution reactions.
Nomenclature: nomenclature IUPAC and common of functional groups
Stereochemistry: enantiomers and diasteroisomers, epimers. Compounds optically active, configurations and conformations.
Hydrocarbons: Alkanes : physical properties, structure and nomenclature, isomers, reactions.
Alkenes and alkines: physical properties, structure and nomenclature, Cis–trans and E-Z isomerism, reactions.
Haloalkanes, alcohols, ethers and epossidi: physical properties, structure and nomenclature, reactions, SN reactions
The carbonyl group :
Aldehydes and Ketones: physical properties, structure and nomenclature, reactions.
Carboxylic Acids and their derivatives: physical properties, structure and nomenclature, acidity, reactions, esterification and saponification.
Organonitrogen Compounds: Amines, Amides, physical properties, structure and nomenclature, reactions, urea (carbamide).
Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Their Derivatives: Aromaticity and aromatic Compounds. Electrophilic aromatic substitution, benzene, aromatic ring, aromatic Compounds, nomenclature.
Lipids: Fats (triglycerides) and oils, waxes, sterols, fat-soluble vitamins (vitamins A, D, E, and K), phospholipids, terpenes.
Carbohydrates: monosaccharides, disaccharides, oligosaccharides, and polysaccharides. Structures, classification.
Protein structure and amino acids. Protein primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structures
Books Chimica generale
Atkins Peter; Jones Loretta, Laverman Leroy (2018). Principi di chimica. Zanichelli editore, Bologna
Atkins Peter; Jones Loretta. (2014). Fondamenti di chimica generale. Zanichelli editore, Bologna
Silvestroni Paolo. (1999). Fondamenti di chimica. Casa Editrice Ambrosiana, Milano
Gillespie Ronald J. et al.(1988) – Chimica. Società Editrice Scientifica, Napoli.


Chimica Organica

Morrison, R.T.; Boyd, R.N. (1985). Chimica organica. Casa Editrice Ambrosiana, Milano.

Brown, W.H. (2001). Introduzione alla chimica organica. EDISES, Napoli
Brown, W.H. (1996). Chimica organica. EDISES, Napoli

Traditional teaching method Yes
Distance teaching method No
Mandatory attendance No
Written examination evaluation No
Oral examination evaluation Yes
Aptitude test evaluation No
Project evaluation No
Internship evaluation No
Evaluation in itinere No
Practice Test No

Further information

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