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AIR, SOIL, WATER POLLUTION

Degree course Environmental Enginnering
Curriculum PRODUZIONE DI ENERGIA A BASSO IMPATTO AMBIENTALE
Learnings
Academic Year 2016/2017
ECTS 6
Scientific Disciplinary Sector CHIM/07
Year Second year
Time unit First semester
Class hours 48
Educational activity Related and integrative training activities

Single group

Professor MARIA GRAZIA MUSOLINO
Objectives The purpose of the course is to provide the basic concepts for understanding the sources, reactions, transport, fates, monitoring of chemical species in air, water and soil, and their effects on human health and environment. The course deal with more serious pollution phenomena that affect in a worrying way our planet. Further, there will be given a comprehensive introduction to practical problems of remediation and to the legislation related to the control and prevention of pollution.
By the end of the course, student will have:
- a comprehensive understanding of the sources, reactions, transport, fates, monitoring of chemical species in air, water and soil, and their effects on human health and the environment;
- a thorough knowledge on technologies for abatement and detection of pollutants;
- a brief knowledge of legislation governing the pollutants in the air, water and soil;
- an ability to use an appropriate technical and scientific language and autonomously access to the sources of primary literature on a specific environmental problem and to frame it in a critical manner through the application of theoretical concepts of the course.



Programme INTRODUCTION TO COURSE – THE AIR COMPARTMENT
Problems of chemical pollution. Environment. Energy. Dynamic interactions with various environmental spheres: air-water-soil. Processes affecting fate and transport of contaminants.
Structure and chemical composition of the atmosphere. Definition and classification of atmospheric pollution. Overview of legislation to control and prevent pollution: objectives, standards, limits. Primary pollutants: CO, CO2, hydrocarbons, SO2, NOx, particulate matter. Secondary pollutants and their formation. Description and effects of atmospheric pollution on terrestrial ecosystems: depletion of ozone, greenhouse effect, acid rain, photochemical smog. Pollutants monitoring. Techniques to reduce air pollution.

THE WATER COMPARTMENT
Fundamentals of aquatic chemistry. Measurements of water quality (pH, BOD, hardness, ecc.). Water pollution: nature and type of water pollutants. Sampling. Elemental pollutants. Heavy metals. Organic pollutants. Detergents. Wastewater treatment. Drinking water treatment.

THE SOIL COMPARTMENT
Chemical-physical characteristics of the geosphere. The soil and its constituents. Sediments. Fertilizers. Wastes and pollutants in soil. Deforestation. Reclamation of contaminated land.

ANALYSIS OF POLLUTANTS
Spectrophotometric methods. UV-VIS spectrometry. Infrared spectrometry. Atomic absorption spectroscopy. Chromatography. Gas-chromatography. High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC).
Books The course is characterized by lectures with the help of computer media (video projection). Electronic material provided during the lectures by the teacher.
Recommended texts:
S. E. Manahan “Chimica dell’ambiente” Ed. It. Piccin, 2000.
C. Baird “Chimica ambientale” Zanichelli, 1997.
“Pollution Science”, Eds. I. L. Pepper, C. P. Gerba and M. L. Brusseau, Academic Press, 1996.
R. Cozzi, P. Protti, T. Ruaro “Elementi di analisi chimica strumentale” Zanichelli, 1998.

Traditional teaching method Yes
Distance teaching method No
Mandatory attendance No
Written examination evaluation No
Oral examination evaluation Yes
Aptitude test evaluation No
Project evaluation Yes
Internship evaluation No
Evaluation in itinere No
Practice Test No

Further information

No document in this course
No news posted
No class timetable posted
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